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admin 2019-05-16 阅读:164

西方文化中的餐桌礼仪是许多训练课程里的重要环节,。

今日共享一些有关餐桌上能够知道的常识, 让你了解在世界场合或许西餐厅里怎么做得更好。

Location 方位

1. Knowing the proper placement of cutlery and plates is important in creating an elegant atmosphere.

为了营建高雅的氛圍, 了解刀叉和餐盘的恰当方位是重要的。

2. The salad plate should be placed on top of the dinner plate, with the dinner fork set to the left of the plate.

沙拉盒盛放在餐童的上方,餐叉则放在餐宜的左边。

3. The salad fork, which is smaller than the dinner fork, should be positioned to the left of the dinner fork,while the dessert fork is placed above the dinner plate.

比餐叉小的沙拉叉座坐落餐叉的左边,而甜点叉放在餐盎上方。

4. The dinner knife should be placed to the right of the dinner plate, and the knife's blade should face towards the dinner plate. Next to the knife, on the right, is the place for the

soup spoon.

餐刀应该放置于餐盘的右侧,餐刀的刀锋应该朝向餐盘。餐刀的右侧則摆放舀汤的汤匙。

5. The bread plate goes to the upper left of the dinner plate, above the forks, with a butter knife placed horizontally on the bread plate ﹛the blade should face down and point to the left}.

面包盘在餐盒的左上方、 叉子的上方,在面包盘上的奶油刃依水平方向摆放(刀锋朝下且指向在方)。

6. The water and wine glasses should be placed above the dinner knife and spoons, with the water glass put near the dinner plate.

水杯与酒杯应放在餐刀与汤匙的上方,水杯接近餐盘。

7. A cup and saucer ﹛for coffee or tea} should be arranged on the upper right of the plate, to the left of the water and wine glasses.

茶杯与茶碟(给咖啡或荼用的 )应摆放在餐盘的右上角、水杯与酒杯的左方。

8. Finally, a napkin should be folded and placed to the left of the forks (some restaurants place it in a glass).

最终,折好的餐巾应该放在叉子的左边(有些餐厅会放在玻璃杯里)。

餐具的运用 Using the Utensils

1. Generally, choose the utensils on the outside first (e.g. salad fork) and move inward after each course.

一般來說, 先取用在外侧的餐具(比如沙拉叉),每道菜过后向內取用。

2. When cutting food into small pieces to eat, you shot』Id hold the fork in your left hand, while knives should be held in the right hand. Some people consider it more polite to change the position of the fork to your right hand when eating (after placing the knife down on the plate with the blade facing towards the center of the plate), but most agree

that using the fork in your left hand is perfectly fine.

将食物切成小块食用肘,你应该左手持餐叉、右手持餐刀。有些人以为在进食时将叉子转化到你的右手比较礼貌(在将餐刀以刀锋方向放在餐盘上后),但大多数人以为左于持餐叉彻底沒问题。

3. When you take a drink, it is best to put both your fork and your knife on the plate,with your fork crossed over your knife.

当你喝东西时,最好一同把你的刀叉穿插放在餐盘上。

4. Once you have picked up your utensils to start eating, you shouldn't rest them on the table again.

一旦你拿起餐具开端用餐时,就不应将餐具又放在桌面上。

5. If you need to leave the table momentarily before you have finished eating, rest the utensils on the plate.

用餐结束前,假如你需求暫时脱离餐桌,就将餐具放置在餐盘上。

6. After you have finished eating, put the fork and knife on an angle on the plate ﹛with the handles in the "four o’clock position" and the knife -with the blade pointing inwards - pointed to the “10 o'clock position”﹜or place them together in the middle of the plate.

餐毕后,把刀叉依必定视点放在餐盘上(手把置于”4点钟方向”,餐刀刀锋朝內指向 “10点钟方向”),或是把餐具一同放在餐盘中心。

7. With regard to using a soup spoon, the proper way is to dip the spoon away from your body as you put it into the soup (that also makes it less likely you will spill some of the liquid onto yourself).

关于运用汤匙方面,正确的办法是在把汤匙放入汤里时要离身体远一点(那也能让你不太把汤溅到身上)。

8. If you are totally unfamiliar with the proper way to hold a fork, the method is to hold it with the handle in your palm, and with your thumb underneath the stem and the forefinger on top.

假如你彻底不熟悉握叉子的正确办法,正确的办法是用手把握著叉柄,并把拇指放在叉柄下方,食指放在上方。